It is characterised by a throbbing headache usually felt on one side of the head accompanied by nausea vomiting and photophobia (sensitivity to light). In severe forms of migraine, patients complain of flashing lights also known as migraine aura few minutes or hours prior to the actual attack.
Unfortunately, many people do not realise their condition as migraine and confuse it with a general headache. Consuming headache pills to get rid of migraine can in fact aggravate the condition. Doctors opine that once a person establishes a pattern in his/her headache, consulting a doctor at the earliest becomes necessary. Migraine is a complex disorder, however, it is completely treatable with the help of proper medicines and precautions.
Home remedies for treating Migraine:
Migraine is a condition that normally affects people in the prime of their life, which is, from 25-55 years, with women suffering more than men. In such a case, losing precious time to migraine attacks is not ideal and hence people try to resort to home remedies for curing the headache. However, since migraine is a complex form of headache, home remedies may temporarily reduce the intensity of headache. For complete relief from migraine, one has to consult a doctor and follow the prescribed medicine and treatment.
- Hot and cold compression: Tying a hot head band over the forehand followed by a cold head band can provide some temporary relief from the headache. However, tying it too tight may aggravate headache.
- Steam with essential oils: Many people claim that they find an instant relief from a steam containing vapours of essential oils such as eucalyptus or lavender oil.
- This steam helps soothe the inflamed nerves and hence provides relief. However, bear in mind that strong smells can actually worsen the migraine headache, hence amount of oil used should be controlled.
- Herbal Tea: Another good option to relieve headache is by consuming herbal tea. Ginger, tulsi, lemon grass etc are known to calm down the senses and refresh nerves
- Hot oil massage: A hot oil massage done at the point of headache (not necessarily the scalp), can provide temporary relief from headache. Slow circular motions can release the tight sensation in the head giving you a feeling of recovery from the headache.
- Take a nap: If time permits, then taking a nap in a dark and silent room is considered as the best way to overcome migraine headache. A nap for couple of hours can surely wake you up feeling fresh and energised.
- Drink water: The toxins accumulated in the body that lead to migraine can be flushed out of the body with ample amount of water. In fact, dehydration is known to be one of the common triggers for migraine, hence drinking water can provide some relief from the headache.
- Avoid known triggers – If you know you are a migraineur and are also aware of those specific triggers that can set off a migraine attack, then avoiding these triggers is the best option to prevent a migraine headache.
- Breathing exercise – breathing exercises such as deep breathing, slow and controlled breathing etc can help calm the nerves and free you from the debilitating headache.
Migraine is a complex headache disorder and research has still not proven the exact mechanism of how a migraine headache occurs. Hence, to have a complete cure from migraine one has to consult a doctor and follow strict precautions and treatments. Home remedies may help to temporarily relieve headache, but may not help to cure migraine completely.