Tuesday, September 25, 2018

Congo Refugees to Return Home

The Congolese refugees in Rwanda will be repatriated voluntarily to Congo and Rwanda will do the same. This will reduce the violence inflicted by the Interahamwe militia on the people of Eastern Congo

The Congolese refugees living in the neighboring country Rwanda and those from Rwanda living in Congo will be voluntarily repatriated to their respective countries in conformity with the international norms established by the HCR. This is the outcome of the agreement signed between Rwanda, Congo and HCR on Wednesday, 17 February 2010 in Kigali by the abovementioned parties. This is a great step ahead toward peace in this region.

These refugees left their respective countries due to the war of genocide in Rwanda that swept away approximately 800 000 people in 1994. After this period the DRC, then ZAIRE was invaded by reformists in conjunction with Rwandan soldiers and this created a big flow of refugees on both sides. The Rwandan army said that they were tracking down the Interahamwe militia who conducted the genocide in their country. These militia carried on great killings in the Eastern DRC in their hideouts of the forests of East Congo. They are mainly based in areas rich in minerals. They exploit the latter as to get finance for their fights and at the same time they make horrible violence on the local populations, especially the women who are often, mutilated, defiled, raped, etc. They export these minerals outside Congo. These minerals are financing violence in this part of Congo.

In Kigali, Mr Mbuyu Kabango from Congo, Mrs Nyatanyi Christine from Rwanda and Mr. Mohamed Boukary representing the HCR agreed jointly to voluntarily repatriate refugees to their respective countries of origin. They agreed to meet in another meeting that will be held in Kinshasa next May 2010 for adopting the practical modalities of this process of repatriation.

This process is worthy existing as a positive sign of the efforts that both Kagame of Rwanda and Kabila of Congo are summoning in order to secure the Great Lakes Region.

In order to achieve positively this process, campaigns of sensitization are of paramount importance in both sides. In addition to this, exchanges of information on both customs must be strengthened in order to well manage the refugees movements.

The tree delegations recognised the necessity of setting up a legal cadre for governing the operations of this voluntarily repatriation of refugees living in both countries. In rejoining their respective countries, these refugees will contribute to their development

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MUGISHO N.THEOPHILE is a writer for BrooWaha. For more information, visit the writer's website.
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3 comments on Congo Refugees to Return Home

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By MUGISHO N.THEOPHILE on September 07, 2010 at 02:05 am

fal back, thanks for this comment. I agree with you that those refugees who return home are pillars that can reconstruct the country in different sectors.

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By MUGISHO N.THEOPHILE on October 12, 2010 at 02:01 am

jamestt, if all these people can return back home they can be pillars in rebuilding the country. They fled insecurity; so the government should secure the country before they can return home. And this is being done though slowly. With the arrest in France of the FDLR leader Mbarushimana, we hope justice will be rendered. As you stated 40 458 refugees in Burundi, these people are able to help reconstruct DRC.Such a big number of people outside the country is a great loss.

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By MUGISHO N.THEOPHILE on November 11, 2010 at 12:47 am

Mathews, you are right and peace is the aim of both sides. But it cannot be acieved by grant; courage, commitment and willing of the tree parts is the only way out. Refugees returning home will bring their share in rebuilding the country and so help it to recover the pride it has lost. Peace indeed will allow the women and the girls who have been raped to feel at home and reenjoy their rights that have been breached by some heartless people who feel happy by raping them.

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