Friday, December 14, 2018

All About Blood Cancer and the Related Conditions

by Porus Arora (writer), New Delhi, December 12, 2017

This article begins with a brief about blood cancer along with its statistical info. Subsequently, the various life-threatening conditions that may develop in the body due to blood cancer are listed.

A brief about blood cancer

Blood cancer or Leukemia is referred to as a cancer-born condition that originates in the bone marrow. This generally results in an abnormal rise in white blood cells. These cells (known as blasts/Leukemia cells) however are not fully developed and do not perform the function of the generic white blood cell in the body. This flood of Leukaemia cells mitigates the production of normal blood cells, and consequently causes a number of symptoms to arise.

Some statistical info about blood cancer

Leukemia is one of the most commonly occurring cancer disorders, affecting about 1 in 3 of the world-wide cancer patients. With about 3 out of 4 blood cancer cases arising in children and teenagers (age <15), blood cancer/leukemia is known to commonly develop in the body from a young age.

Kinds of blood cancer conditions

As previously stated, the cellular imbalance in the body leads to a number of different ailments. Some of these include –

1. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
The Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) normally affects children below the age of 5. In this cancerous condition, the blood cell production is hampered due to an effect in the blood cell platelets of the bone marrow. As a result, the body is flooded with too many blasts or immature lymphocytes (white blood cells). Their symptoms primarily include regular fever and sudden bruising.

2. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Lymphocytic leukemia spreads throughout the body in case of leukemia. In case of Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), these cells slowly build up in the blood cell producing platelets of the bone marrow over time, lying dormant. After a few years, the condition strikes, sending a splurge of lymphocytes throughout the body.

3. Hairy Cell Leukemia

In case of hairy cell Leukemia (HCL), the lymphocytic cells slowly accumulate throughout the bone marrow, and hamper with the production of normal red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. This leads to low blood count in the body and effects such as low white blood cell count, fatigue, prolonged bleeding, or abnormal body swelling.

4. T-cell Prolymphocytic Leukemia

T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL) is noted to be a very rare condition that mostly affects adults over the age of 30. Unlike most of its other variants, the T-PLL is a mature lymphocytic cell with highly aggressive behavior. This lymphocytic condition is characterized by a rapid growth of leukemia cells in the body. The only known treatment for the T-cell prolymphocytic is hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

5. Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia

Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukaemia or CMML is a condition that primarily affects the blood cells forming in the bone marrow through a process known as haematopoiesis. Here, an increased number of leukemia cells, along with abnormal cells known as dysplasia form, disrupt the normal functions of blood cell production.

Blood cancer treatment in India
India is known to house some of the most advanced anti-cancer treatment facilities. With multitudes of high-tech procedure, such as the revolutionary new immunotherapy, blood cancer and other manners of cancer can be effectively treated. So be sure to get assured results if you choose to go for blood cancer treatment in India.

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