As the quality of natural water is improving with time, water pollution seems to be under control lately. Still, there are many who are unaware of the problems that continue to plague the renewable resource of natural fresh water. In order to make up for this, there are a number of water pollution control movements going on in hopes of conserving water and controlling pollution for the generations to come.
Water pollution is defined as the loss of practical use of water due to contamination. It comes in many forms, either natural or man-made. All of these forms of contamination either kill the natural habitats and wildlife found under water or they promote so much growth that the delicate ecosystems are thrown off balance and the aquatic animals and plants die anyway.
The major sources of water pollution include untreated industrial wastes, garbage, domestic dumps, thermal power stations, agricultural pesticides and insecticides, etc. Thus it is highly important to take steps forward to prevent water pollution as it may disrupt human life to a great extent. Following are some of the ways to prevent water pollution:
- Sewage treatments: The household water needs to be treated properly so that they become environmentally safe. Adequate care should be taken in order to ensure that effective sewage treatment process is in place and that contaminated water does not get mixed with the environment. For the purpose of preventing water pollution, the human and animal excreta should be prevented from mixing with its sources. The construction of pit toilet and proper sewage treatments can offer some solution to this problem.
- Treatment of wastes before discharge: The factories should treat its effluent wastes before discharging them. Toxic material must be treated chemically and converted into harmless materials. Also, if possible, the factories should try to recycle the treated water.
- Treatment of drainage water: A huge amount of water in cities is put into drains every day. Thus, it is essential that the water that flows through the city drainage system should be treated properly. Harmful pollutants must be removed prior to introducing them into reservoirs. In case this water is allowed to go into water reservoirs without treatment, it will pollute them.
- Increase the Environmental, In-Stream Degradation Rate of the Substance: This can be accomplished by a redesign of the chemical to result in a more rapid breakdown of the chemical by the natural heterotrophic bacteria in the stream. For instance, the redesign of synthetic detergents to reduce foaming and downstream transport through increased biodegradable rate. In the manufacturing of potentially toxic chemicals also, an attempt may be made to increase the biodegradation rates so that a chemical build-up does not occur.
Water pollution control is something that can be participated in by anyone, be it a big business or an individual consumer. Anyone, just by knowing the approaches to control, can reap the benefits of controlling water pollution and make efforts in order to improve the quality of the water out there in the world.
For more information, you can call on Affinity Water Contact Number and get in touch with its dedicated team.