Sun poisoning is severe sunburn, and it occurs when ultraviolet rays hit your skin. Sun poisoning can also be described as sunburn, sun allergy, or the sun rash. It is associated with skin swelling or a reddening of the skin. Usually, the expression sun poisoning is said to depict situations that go well beyond the typical red and sore skin of sunburn.
A sunburn shows up when the threshold of your skin's innate sun blocking abilities, mostly through the pigments in the skin, are pushed past their limits and the UVA and UVB of the sun plainly start to burn your skin.
Causes and effects
Ultraviolet A wavelengths "known as the aging ray" penetrates deep into the middle layer of the skin called the dermis, damaging new cells causing them to mutate, which can potentially lead to cancer. UVB is more responsible for causing the redness associated with sunburn, as most of the ray is absorbed into the epidermis the skins outer layer. Repeated exposure causes injury to the epidermis; the body reacts to the damage by increasing the blood flow to the capillary bed of the skin. It tries to introduce new cells to repair the damage done by the UV, and it is this increase in blood that causes the redness.
If the sunburn penetrates deeper into the skin's layers, it can become red, swollen and painful and cause various symptoms. Serious sunburns that result in blisters are the body's attempt to separate the burned skin from the healthy skin using the blister fluid to separate the two When fever, headache, dizziness or nausea are paired with extreme sun exposure, then you have sun poisoning. If someone is also dehydrated, which is very common, they may also have light-headedness and difficulty with thinking straight.
Many people do not get the sensation of hunger when it is very hot outside which lowers your blood sugar and can raise the threat for getting sun poisoning. Some people are notably sensitive to sunlight, and their skin forms a rash from UV exposure.
The medical term for this is the polymorphous light eruption or PLE. People who endure this condition are hardest hit during their very first extended sun exposure when the weather warms up after a long winter spent indoors. With PLE, the skin does not have to burn for a rash to appear. Many drugs increase a person's sensitivity to light such as certain antibiotics, NSAIDs, and certain birth control pills.
a) Skin irritation
b) Painful rashes
c) Redness of skin
e) Tender and warm to touch
f) Skin peeling
i) Flu-like symptoms.
What to Do When it is More Than a Sunburn
Tylenol or aspirin helps to prevent swelling or tightening of sunburned skin which relieves some pain. To keep the discomfort at a minimum, take two pills after every four hours. When you know, you have been exposed to too much sun, and you are expecting sunburn, taking Tylenol or Aspirin gives you a head start on pain control
Cold water acts as a natural treatment. Use a simple washrag and make cool and wet compresses on your heated skin. When the compress starts losing its coolness, and starts absorbing heat from the affected area, remove it, add an ice cube or dip it in again in cool water. You can also use witch hazel, oatmeal or skin milk to conduct the compresses.
In this method, yoghurt is smoothed to the affected burnt areas. It is the rinsed off with cool water. Adding cornstarch to water can be used to make a paste that can be applied directly to the burnt area
Aloe Vera is known to ease the burning associated with sun poisoning. Aloe Vera liquid is harvested by breaking off parts of the leaf and applying the liquid to the skin
Coconut treatment is very effective in treating sunburns. By applying on the burned part, it brings a soothing effect to your skin
Sunburn causes dehydration, and it is crucial to drink a lot of fluids. The heat coming from the body quickly evaporates the skin causing dehydration. When dehydration combines with sunburn, it becomes very painful.