Choosing the right programming language is a critical decision for every mobile app developer. They are often required to create apps that run across different platforms. This decision involves considering a few important factors like:
- Which Mobile Operating System the app will run on - Android, iOS or both?
- What functionality is required to build your app?
- And most importantly, which programming language provides ease and speed of writing the code?
Getting clarity on these questions can go a long way in selecting an ideal programming language for your mobile app development. Here we have outlined some of the best programming languages that will help you make a precise decision.
5 Best Mobile Programming Languages:
- C#: Designed by Microsoft to work with the .Net platform, C# enables developers to create highly portable mobile apps. It is easy to use and maintain this programming language even when your project grows in size and complexity. With C#, one can build mobile apps using Xamarin and share the app logic across multiple platforms at once. Enterprises are increasingly looking for partners that can provide Xamarin developers for hire and harness the power of C# to build great apps.
- C++: When it comes to developing apps for Android and Windows, C++ is the most appropriate and robust programming language. Especially for low-level programming, it is a go-to language on platforms for app development. It is also a powerful language and enables developing apps practically on every platform that exists. Though it isn’t as popular as some of the other languages, but it dominated the programming world even when the smartphones were not introduced.
- Java: Java is the most preferred language for Android mobile app development. It is an object-oriented programming language that can run in two distinct ways - either in a browser window or in a VM (virtual machine). This flexibility is important while re-using code and updating software. However, if you want to consider iOS development, you'll have to deal with Swift or Objective-C as Java isn't natively supported for iOS development. You can consider Java to build cross-platform apps using some third party compilers out there.
- HTML5: An ideal language if you are planning to build web-frontend mobile applications. By using HTML5, it becomes easy to insert multiple data types, account for various screen size, rationalize the input parameters and level browser playing field. The only drawback is that it is still a proposed standard. However, it is currently supported by a lot of browsers in many different ways. It's cost effective to build apps with its latest version and the learning curve is much easier compared to a completely new language.
- Objective-C: A primary language for iOS apps, Objective-C helps to create apps that are robust and scalable. As a C-language superset, it includes some functions that deal with graphics, I/O, and display functions. Moreover, being a part of the Apple development framework, it is fully integrated with all iOS and MacOS frameworks. Apple recently introduced Swift as a completely new programming language to replace Objective-C.
Each language has its own pros and cons. If you are looking to build applications for multiple mobile platforms, C# is a great option. For native development, you will have to choose a language based your business and customer requirements.