As far as solar solutions are concerned, Tampa homeowners have been investing in PV systems, of late. Thanks to the region’s unlimited sunshine that the residents of the city are leveraging to cut back on their monthly electricity bills while contributing towards a greener environment. However, installing a photovoltaic system (PV) is not easy. You'll find a number of products flooding the market with quality and price ranging from moderate to high. It's difficult to choose the different pieces that make up a solar PV system. The two most important components are the inverters and converters. Read on to learn about the basic differences between the two when choosing the right product.
Inverters deal more with the type of current, i.e., switching from DC to AC electricity that most of your home electrical appliances use to operate. If you do not have the right inverter, energy produced by your solar system can't be put to effective use. You'll find three main kinds of inverters in the market, They are:
Central Inverters: These products are meant for larger arrays. With central inverters, you enjoy a less capital price per watt. They're easy to set up and are pretty effective. However, their drawbacks are noise pollution and size. Even if one array malfunctions, the entire system will fail.
Microinverters: There are small inverters found near a solar panel converting DC electricity to AC electricity produced by a panel. Since microinverters work with only one panel, they allow the array to keep operating even if the panel stops functioning. They are more costly than the other inverters, and require regular upkeep and maintenance.
String Inverters: String inverters are suitable for domestic and commercial PV systems. These products are powerful, efficient and cost-effective compared to other products available in the market. However, there are some downsides. They lack panel level monitoring, and are not safe due to their high voltage.
Converters adjust DC current voltage output up or down from the input level. They are also known as charge controllers, and help in maximizing the energy output for solar systems. Converters control the amount of DC electricity flowing through the entire system. This implies that inverters, battery banks, and other related products continue to receive electricity consistently. You'll find two kinds of charge controllers such as:
Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) Controller: They are the more sophisticated products. MPPT controllers adjust their energy consumption and improve the total output efficiency for PV system.
Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Controller: The PWM controller is a switch that connects your solar system to the battery. These products are not complex. However, they do not adjust for improved efficiency when the sun is shining brightly or there is cloud cover on a particular day.
Opting for the Right Product
The product you will choose depends on the kind of solar PV system you are going to install. For example, if you are to use a battery bank more frequently, we would recommend that you go for a first-rate MPPT controller. Again, if you are planning to expand your solar system array, it's better to switch to microinverters. That's because it's easy to install solar panels with a microinverter setup.
When it comes to choosing the size of an inverter or converter, it depends on how much energy your home uses, and how many watts your PV system can produce. If you go for a converter with little input capacity, you won’t be able to maximize your PV system's efficiency. And, if the output capacity is too less, you won't be able to power all the devices or appliances in your home.
When switching to solar solutions in Tampa, make sure that you choose the right converters and inverters for maximum efficiency. Compare different products based on quality and your home's energy consumption to make an informed decision.