This type of rubber is a bendable man made product that is made from petroleum and is able to be deformed without sustaining damage and also it can regain its unique shape after being stretched.
Synthetic rubber products possess higher advantage as compared to the products that are formed by natural rubber and synthetic rubber used in many applications because of its superior performance. In fact the usage of synthetic rubber is much more prominent than natural rubber in most advanced countries and in many industrialized nations.
With increase in demand of rubber due to rapid invention of automobiles and automobile tires, there was equal increase in the demand of rubber products. Thus there came the need to discover the substitute of natural rubber. So at the end of world war two scientists replaced natural rubber with synthetic rubber in many applications.
How to create artificial rubber? Its creation begins with petroleum. During the petroleum refining process two gases viz. butadiene and styrene are produced as by products and a product called liquid latex is created after combining the products. This liquid latex is allowed to dry and is formed into different shapes and used as artificial or synthetic rubber in place of natural rubber.
Synthetic or artificial rubber has wide variety of applications. Apart from widely used in manufacturing of car tires, this rubber is used in the production of medical equipment, molded parts and belts for machinery.
Among many common varieties of rubber, styrene butadiene rubber is very common and is widely used in tire threads for aircrafts and automobiles and also as the conveyor belts and other industrial products.
This type of rubber is white, plastic mass, consisting of small fragments that can be processed and vulcanized in same manner as the natural rubber. Wide range of various synthetic rubbers has emerged reflecting the various applications and properties. Co- polymerization of different monomers allows the material properties to be varied in broader range.
Synthetic rubbers are marketed as compressed bales and square blocks. They are also manufactured in the form of rubber powder, talcum coated chips, granules and as latex concentrates in liquid form.
As this rubber has many robust properties viz. strength, long lasting, water resistance and heat resistance which makes it perfect for many industrial applications. Other industrial applications of artificial rubber are hoses, belts, matting, medical gloves etc. Rubber products take many different shapes and forms. Also it can be used in variety of industrial applications like printing and most printers even the large scale commercial printers make use of synthetic rubber covered rollers to get the work done.
Artificial or synthetic rubber was the invention of necessity. Today one finds many industries that make use of synthetic rubber as a vital component in manufacturing their final products. Industries like Plastics, Auto, shoes, tools, medical, transportation, textile, adhesives, aviation and space make use of this rubber.
The most well known use of synthetic rubber is in manufacturing tires for vehicles of all types. When it is molded, this rubber is used in making gaskets, mechanical seals, hoses and mechanical belts. Laboratory tubing and tubing of inner tubes are also formed using this rubber.
When transformed to sheet, one can make use of synthetic rubber in diving suits, inflatable boats, gloves, knee high boots, sleep sacks, radar absorbent material and protective clothing.
When transformed to foam form, this rubber can be used in variety of ways viz. it is used for wet suits, gloves, orthopedic braces, mouse pads etc. As this rubber possess adhesive qualities it is used in liquid adhesive and adhesive tapes. Also as rubber possess many outstanding features like low permeability to chemicals, gases and liquids; resiliency, resistance to water and chemicals etc enhanced the popularity of this rubber in many industries.
As far as automobile industry is concerned this rubber aids in saving fuel and enable to cut carbon dioxide emissions from vehicles. Other automobile products that are made out of synthetic rubber are car’s anti vibration systems, clutch cable cover, accelerator cable cover etc.
Next generation industry cannot be imagined without synthetic rubber. Application of this rubber in automobile and other industries is going to rise in near future.