Sunday, December 16, 2018

Meanwhile In Darfur, U.N. To Send Troops To Sudan

by Jen (writer), San Fernando Valley, August 01, 2007


Amid reports of Lindsay dodging cops, Paris losing millions, and Britney finalizing her divorce, the war torn region of Darfur, in Sudan, was granted a faint ray of hope Tuesday. This ray comes in the form of a U.N. resolution number 1769.

Invoking Chapter 7 of the U.N. charter the U.N. Security Council authorized on Tuesday the use of a peacekeeping force of 26,000 troops and police, largely drawn from African nations, in order to address the humanitarian crisis in the region. In a compromise with the Sudanese government, which has until now refused to allow U.N. troops, the peacekeeping force will be charged with ensuring the safety and free movement of humanitarian workers and civilians under attack. The force will not, however, be allowed to confiscate illegal arms.

The conflict that spawned the humanitarian crisis began in 2003 following years of tension between Black African farmers and Arab herders competing for land. Rebel groups, the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement (Jem), charging the Arab led government with neglect and discrimination began attacking government targets in Darfur. The Sudanese government responded by launching a full-scale military campaign. This was not a war against an invading army from another land, but a war against the Black African citizens of Darfur.

Reports from refugees of Darfur include bombing of villages by government aircraft, followed by slaughter, rape and theft by the Janjaweed militia. To date, it is estimated that 200,000 people have died with another 2.1 million displaced. Refugees and humanitarian observers believe that these raids are deliberate attempts to rid the region of Black Africans.

The Sudanese government admits to mobilizing “self-defense militias', but denies any connection with the Janjaweed.

In May of 2006 a peace agreement was reached between the Sudanese government and SLM leader, Minni Minawi. No agreement was reached between a small SLA faction and Jem. As part of the deal Sudanese president, Omar Hassan al-Bashir, agreed to a small African Union peacekeeping force of 7,000 troops and to disband armed militia groups, the Janjaweed in particular. However, disagreement between the rebel groups and a failure of the government to disband the militia has resulted in an increase in violence since the signing of the deal.

In April of this year a report submitted to the U.N. Security Council by a five-member panel charged with monitoring Sudan compliance with resolutions on Darfur stated that the Sudanese government has done little to disband the militias and has been shipping weapons, artillery, ammunition and other military equipment into the affected region. The report further states that the transport is being conducted in cargo planes painted white to look like U.N. aircraft, and speculates that “the use of white aircraft by the government of the Sudan constitutes a deliberate attempt to conceal the identity of these aircraft.

On July 31, 2007 the U.N. Security Council authorized the use of a peacekeeping force in Darfur, and the resolution has been accepted by Sudan. Abdalmahmood Abdalhaleem Mohamad, Sudan's U.N. Ambassador, is "comfortable with the resolution: negotiators went to great lengths to satisfy our concerns." Troops could be on the ground by October, charged with the responsibility of protecting civilians in Darfur.

The force will not, however, be allowed to confiscate illegal arms.

This is despite the Sudanese government's agreement to a full disarmament of the Janjaweed within 6 months of the signing of the May 2006 peace agreement.

The U.S. will not be sending troops, but has committed to transporting troops to Darfur and will provide financial aid. U.S. Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad said "If Sudan does not comply with this resolution, the United States will move for the swift adoption of unilateral and multilateral measures."

Let's just hope it doesn't come to that.

About the Writer

Jen is a writer for BrooWaha. For more information, visit the writer's website.
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4 comments on Meanwhile In Darfur, U.N. To Send Troops To Sudan

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By Kay C on August 01, 2007 at 02:05 pm
Wonderful. Thanks for putting the attention where it should be.
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By Steven Lane on August 01, 2007 at 09:15 pm
Incredible, clear and concise.
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By Jen on August 02, 2007 at 02:23 am
What's incredible is how spot on someone that doesn't know me actually is! Very funny. Thanks for the nice comments guys!
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By Jen on August 02, 2007 at 02:41 am
What a wonderful idea El! We can send Lindsay and her "army of skanks" over to Darfur to work in one of the refugee camps. I knew you had some golden nuggets in you somewhere.
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