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Wednesday, November 22, 2017

Children of Earth and Sun – searching for Frank Lloyd Wright

Credit: Time Magazine - 1938
Frank Lloyd Wright

Was this man really "the greatest architect of all time".

The sound of our footsteps is muffled by patchwork drifts of snow on a gravel track winding past the bottom of carpark stairs. Surrounding hills are covered in local rhododendron; the air icy, the trees tall, rough barked and bare.

Our guide strides ahead – rugged-up for the 10min walk – black puffer coat full length, fur trim sleeves and hood. She stops, adjusts her mittens and points her umbrella. There’s a gap in the trees, and the house appears on cue among flurries of snowflakes that float to rest on a leaf-littered forest floor.

Brenda is a local, and long-time disciple of the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright. And we’re at Fallingwater, Wright’s iconic creation, 70km southeast of Pittsburgh and now a monument to the architect’s base philosophy – `Usonian’ design – organic architecture in harmony with humanity and the environment. US architects voted this house the ‘best all time work of American architecture’.

***

From a southern Melbourne summer, I’ve flown to NYC with my girlfriend, our aim to first see Wright’s Guggenheim Museum. From the beginning of 5th Avenue we’ve ambled northwards through city environs reminiscent of Paris, along an avenue part Gothic and part Renaissance before morphing into a New York that Wright called ‘…an affected riot’ and a `…monument to the power of money and greed…’; then finally onwards to the Guggenheim which opened the year of Wright’s death.

A Chinese tour group bursts from the museum door, chattering and juggling cameras, neat casual gear, flag bearer up front; above us Wright’s spiralling, white tiered, wedding-cake design, between the affluence of Upper Eastside apartments

Turning my gaze across 5th Avenue I’ve admired the simple wilds of Central Park; its brooding blanket of fine powder snow and the bones of bereft trees. A squirrel jumps and props at the kerb, red-grey tail arched above the white.

***

Finally at Fallingwater we’re now standing on the causeway bridge – Brenda, my girlfriend and I – Bear Run stream gurgling below us, the house a series of miraculously cantilevered concrete tiers over rocky outcrops and white water.

Brenda says the waterfall had always been a focal point of the owners’ life here, the Kaufmans originally owning a rustic weekender and their son a student of Wright’s. “But they were unprepared for Wright’s insistence on the importance of the falls; telling the Kaufmans to live with the water and not just admire it. His grand plan included the forest, the rock ledges and boulders.”

We round the corner of the house and I search for an entry, an opening in the rock wall off to the side; hardly a main entrance I’m thinking. Brenda smiles. She’s seen it all before. “Ah, yes, there are surprises here.”

Brenda waits as we hang our coats inside. Narrow stairs and passages meander cave-like and indicative of Wright’s approach; thick walls of local sandstone.

In the living room, a giant boulder is part of the hearth, the ceilings low; my eyes draw to the winter wilderness outside. The windows are clear, mitred glass with no cornice or frames to obstruct the view.

From the centre of the room Brenda waves a hand towards horizontal sliding panels of glass; an enclosed stairwell leading down to the babbling stream below. “The panels of course are sliding, and can be opened in summer to admit water- cooled breezes.” It takes me a moment to absorb the significance of Wright’s radical 1939 design, and I find it difficult to imagine such an innovative architect with little work when commissioned by the Kaufmans to design this place. But Wright’s life was anything but ordinary.

Even before Wright’s birth in 1867, his mother declared her son would `grow up to build beautiful buildings.’ The young Wright himself would claim he would `be the greatest architect of all time’. His first marriage at 21yrs old, to Catherine Tobin, gave him the social connections he needed.

As a Chicago architect there was success blending buildings with landscape, before his designs became more experimental. By 1907 he was challenging the moral majority with his long hair, broad-brimmed hats, red-lined cape and cane. There were also joyrides with married women in his luxurious open car; his exploits culminating with Wright leaving for Europe with Mamah Cheney, a client’s wife. He left his practice, his six and her two children behind.

Wright would return to build Taliesin in the Wisconsin wilderness, a melding of his organic theories and an isolated citadel to ride out the public storm with Cheney. With his fall from favour, there would be few commissions for 20yrs.

Worse was yet to come, with Wright taking 10yrs to recover from the personal devastation that followed.

While working at his Chicago office in 1914, now age 47, a servant bolted doors and poured petrol on the floor of Taliesin, attacking the occupants inside with an axe and hunting down those trying to escape. Taliesin was razed to the ground, with seven murdered including Cheney and her two children.

Wright buried Cheney in a simple grave and began work on Taliesin 2. Sailing to Japan in 1916 with the bohemian clairvoyant Mariam Noel, he opened an office in Tokyo. With Wright’s divorce from his first wife he entered into a volatile marriage with Noel, only to see it disintegrate with her opium addiction.

Next Wright met Montenegrin dancer Olgivanna Milanoff in 1924 at the Petrograd Ballet in Chicago. While dealing with a messy divorce from Noel, Wright saw yet another fire; this time destroying Taliesin 2. Wright again rebuilt and re-married, only to suffer a bout of pneumonia. It was Milanoff who convinced Wright to finally leave Wisconsin for the sun and pure air of Arizona.

With Milanoff, Wright’s luck improved; the architect appearing on the cover of Time magazine. From here till his death, Wright was a celebrity of radio, film and TV; although labelling the latter `chewing gum for the eyes’. Fallingwater was completed in 1939, followed by Taliesin West: becoming his Arizona home and architectural studio.

We’ve completed Brenda’s Fallingwater tour, standing by a low bench at a bend downstream and peering back to the house; through a silent forest, now bathed in weak streaks of sun and flurries of winter snow. We exchange glances; my girlfriend an aspiring architecture student in earlier times. Does it live up to expectations I wonder?

I see the house as a transported Shinto vision of rural splendour ; Bear Run stream tumbling and winding towards us from beneath Wright’s radically-cantilevered terraces that seem to float 10m above the gurgle and rush of the water gods.

We’re pondering the lot of Wright, dying in 1959 and his ashes now in far-off Arizona at Taliesin West; interred alongside those of his last wife Milanoff, at the headquarters of the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation.

We exchange glances, and my girlfriend coughs. “You know…..I suppose I could understand Wright’s broken heart lying among the charred ruins of Taliesin 1 – a tragedy that would probably have wrecked a normal person – but really…..I think his heart is here.”

We both fall silent and gaze about us; the wet forest sentinels, the damp rolling hills, the hypnotic serenity of Fallingwater. I’m thinking, yes, the whole place is the epitome of the man’s philosophy: `Buildings, too, are children of Earth and Sun’.



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iancochrane is a writer for BrooWaha. For more information, visit the writer's website.
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2 comments on Children of Earth and Sun – searching for Frank Lloyd Wright

Log In To Vote   Score: 1
By Credo on September 16, 2013 at 04:47 am

A most formidable story, taste like a good old fashion novel. Frank Lloyd Wright"the greatest architect of all time". I'm not at all predisposed or qualified enough to say whether he was or not. However from my research Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures and completed 532 works. Obviously he did do quite a lot more than design buildings. Very interesting article, enjoyed the novel like approach. :)Credo

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By iancochrane on September 16, 2013 at 01:48 pm

Thank you Credo. Very kind.

Cheers, ic

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