The presence of a carnation flower anywhere signifies divinity. The literal meaning of ‘carnation flower’ is the ‘flower of love'. The legend of the carnation says that these beautiful flowers first grew on Earth from Mary’s tears after watching her Son, Jesus, carrying His cross through Jerusalem. Therefore, carnations are used in many ceremonies and any special occasions; this flower was pink in color.
Mary, the Mother of Jesus, wept at the sight of her Son bearing the cross, and her tears turned to the first carnations. Leonardo Da Vinci immortalized the association of the carnation with Mary and Jesus when he painted “The Madonna with the Carnation,” also called the “Munich Madonna.” (ca. 1475 to 1476); as did Rafael when he painted his “Madonna in Pinks.”
White carnations suggest pure love and good luck, light red symbolizes admiration, while dark red represents deep love and affection. Purple carnations imply capriciousness, and pink carnations carry the greatest significance, beginning with the belief that they first appeared on earth from the Virgin Mary’s tears – making them the symbol of a mother’s undying love. It is said that the pink carnation is the most divine among all the varieties of the flower.
“The carnation then became known as the 'flower of God'.” It was introduced into Europe during the Middle Ages and symbolized the eye of God from which nothing could escape. According to one Christian story, when Jesus was carrying the cross, Mary saw Him and began to cry. Carnations grew where her tears fell. The carnation often appears in paintings of the Virgin Mary and baby Jesus, in which Mary holds a carnation out to Jesus, as in this lovely painting by Raphael, ” Madonna of the Pinks,” or the painting ” Madonna of the Carnation ” by Albrecht Durer (1516)” From Carnation and Poppy Symbols in Art Suite101.com