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Saturday, November 18, 2017

Planet Inspired: Simulating fires to prevent them

Fire simulators make it possible to save human and economic resources, reducing the risks of field testing

Fire simulators make it possible to save human and economic resources, reducing the risks of field testing

In Italy, Civil Protection and the Forestry Service have begun using a high technology system, based on mathematical models of fire spread in Mediterranean woods context, with tactical and operating functions. The geo-referenced 3-D scenarios are adaptable according to the environment being tested and permits the optimal use of aircraft.
Videogame enthusiasts are going crazy for games where they play the role of firefighters and they must fight different kinds of fires, also in their delicate situations, such as a truck filled with chemical products overturned on the road. They have to set up barriers to keep onlookers away, prepare the firehoses and drive the truck.

On the other hand the forest fire simulators used by Civil Protection are not video games, rather the latest generation computers with 3-D graphics, deriving from the development of flight simulators, movie entertainment and console games.
The first was Farsite, North American, then there was FMIS, a Greek model and "Fire Tactics", developed by French firefighters.

In Italy, Civil Protection and the Forestry Service have begun using a high technology system, based on mathematical models of fire spread in Mediterranean woods context, with tactical and operating functions .
The system, in the trial phase, is a simulator with a 360° photorealistic three-dimensional scenario, dedicated to training firefighters for fighting forest fires with simulation of the fire front that expands according to the wind and terrain with smoke, audio effects, etc.

The geo-referenced 3-D scenarios can be adapted according to the environment being tested, with the objective of optimizing the use of aircraft in putting out the fires.
The three-dimensional models of the objects involved in the simulations (aircraft, vehicles, people, buildings, and vegetation, etc.) can be customized according to teaching needs.

Thus, it is possible to develop in simulated virtual scenarios, forecast models on the development of the phenomenon, in relation to the different natural ecosystems involved, in order to develop shared operating protocols for the optimal management of fire extinguishing operations as well as refining the investigative techniques for identifying arsonists.
The simulators are based on numerous studies. The simulators are used for modeling operating situations and identifying the most suitable algorithms for analyzing how a forest fire spreads.

At TechFOr, International Exhibition on Technology for Security, held in Rome this year, the Forestry Service presented its simulator project that could be housed in a building complex, confiscated from organized crime, in Castelvolturno, that will soon be the home of the "Forest Firefighter Training School."?The simulation techniques are certainly one of the main sources for obtaining relevant information that makes it possible to save considerable resources, both human and economic, and reduce the risks that derive from field testing.

Fonte: Planet Inspired



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